About Olbia and its surrounding
Olbia has more than 50.000 inhabitans, extends all along its inner Gulf.
The social and economical life of Olbia's gulf area has passed through controversial times of crisis and development. Nowadays, the coexistence of different social, collective and productive realities tend to go through good and worse periods.
The major human activities take place along the two ports of Olbia and Golfo Aranci along its Gulf. Olbia's port is considered the main entrance of northern Sardinia, Gallura and the Emerald Coast. It has the highest passenger frequency in Italy and is one of the most important transits of the Mediterranean.
Since the Neolithics, people used to inhabit this prosperous area.
The giant tomb of Su Monte and s'Abe, the fortification of Rinu Mulinu at Cabu Abbas and the sacred water well of Sa Testa are some of the most significant evidences of the Bronze age and particularly of the Nuragic Age.
The first organized urban settlement was Carthaginian approximately around 350 before Christ.
Olbia grew above all commercially, and was protected by two defence walls.
Olbia represented an important stand point for the Roman Empire. After the economic, political and social decline of the Roman Empire, they could no longer protect the island. During a vandalistic attack, Olbia was plundered, set on fire, and lost all its ships on a sinkage.
From 534 Sardinia went under the Byzantine dominion and was later reorganized autonomously in
4 district governed by a judge: Arborea, Carali, Torres and Gallura. Olbia became the capital of Gallura and was first named Civita and later Terranova; the inhabitants came initially from Pisa while in 1323 arrived the Aragonese.
The city gradually fell but its population rose again in the second half of '800. From 1862 to 1939
Olbia became “Terranova Pausania” and since then was again renamed Olbia.
From the beginnning of the '60, driven by the Emerald Coast, Olbia became the main reference point and service desk of Gallura.
Street market, shopping malls, many bars, fantastic restaurants make Olbia a very lively city.
Center downtown and via Aldo Moro are the main beating hearts of the city.
Both Olbia' s Gulf and the whole eastern coastal area have a great biodiversity and needs to be protected.
Olbia, Loiri Porto San Paolo and San Teodoro form the managing institution of the Protected Marina Area of Capo Coda Cavallo, which has perfectly, efficiently and respectfully combined nature and human activities.
The fluvial park Padrongianus is part of Olbia and measures 33 hectares. It is a particularly valuable naturalistic site for the protection and preservation of its fauna and flora. It's an ideal place for active and environmental tourism and for sports activities like hiking, light trekking, archery, canoe, kayak and bird watching.
The gastronomical culture of Olbia is a mixture of meat and scented earth products, fish, shellfish, cheese and honey and comes from the farmer, pastoral culture of Gallura.
It is a very simple cuisine and has been influenced by the different food habits of the various inhabitants of this gulf area. It is quite different from the rest of the Sardinian typicalities such as the cooking culture from its inner regions.
Being near the sea, Olbia's cuisine offers genuine, tasty dishes from the fishermen culture. You can find sea food like mussels, oysters, octopus etc. all around the year. Olbia's well-known mussels are particularly tasty marinate and gratiné and sometimes even raw with lemon, and is influenced by the mussel culture which started at the beginning of the XX century. Octopus sandwich and mussel spaghetti are the favourite dishes by those visitors who use to appreciate good cooking and who love combining food with excellent vine sorts. Gallura has indeed great vineyards and wine cellars. Thanks to its typical weather conditions near the sea and its rough granite land, you can find excellent wine sorts like the well-known white Vermentino and the red Cabernet, Cannonau or Merlot.